When you have completed your exam and reviewed your answers, click Submit Exam. Answers will not be recorded until you hit Submit Exam. If you need to exit before completing the exam, click Cancel Exam. Questions 1 to 25: Select the best answer to each question. Note that a question and its answers may be split across a page break, so be sure that you have seen the entire question and all the answers before choosing an answer.
1. A theater buff is doing a persuasive speech based on questions of fact, arguing that Shakespeare had a ghost writer. She will want to emphasize A. uncertainty avoidance. B. emotional appeals. C. logical proof. D. personal interest.
2. In a persuasive speech, a law student wants to demonstrate the truth or validity of a proposition, as is often seen in criminal trials. Which of the lesser-known organizational patterns would be the best fit? A. The “who? what? why? where? when?” pattern B. The claim-and-proof pattern C. The advantages-disadvantages pattern D. The structure-function pattern
3. How many main points are optimal in a speech of 5–15 minutes? A. 10–20 B. 100–200 C. 2–4 D. 20–40
4. An American diplomat will be addressing a group of political and business leaders during her trip to Japan. In considering context, she should be careful to avoid A. being too obvious and direct in stating the case. B. relying on vague expressions or symbolic language. C. presenting evidence and only implying a related point. D. bringing up examples or illustrations to come to a conclusion.
5. A campus leader wants to persuade other students to jump in and participate in service projects in the community one Saturday a month. What is his persuasive goal? A. To strengthen beliefs B. To weaken attitudes C. To change values D. To motivate to action
6. A librarian gives a short talk at her retirement luncheon after 50 years of service to her city. What is she presenting? A. A toast B. A testimonial C. A farewell speech D. A commencement address
7. A term or phrase combining two normally opposite qualities is a(n) A. analogy. B. metaphor. C. oxymoron. D. simile.
8. A new regional manager is ready to practice giving her report to the annual meeting, but is not exactly sure how. She should be advised to rehearse it A. by reading the preparation outline aloud. B. by memorizing it word for word. C. in separate parts in order to make it simpler. D. from beginning to end, including leaving and returning to her seat.
9. A speaker who _______ should use internal summaries in structuring the presentation. A. needs to recap major subdivisions in a long and complex speech B. has a humorous speech that is quite brief C. would like to suggest what will be coming later D. wants to trace a map or route using a spatial format
10. A popular columnist is upbeat and enthusiastic, regularly giving reinforcement and approval to other members of the local press club. What group maintenance role is he fulfilling? A. The standard setter B. The elaborator C. The harmonizer D. The follower
11. “A project is a vehicle for change” is an example of a(n) A. metaphor. B. analogy. C. oxymoron. D. simile.
12. Several pro-choice advocates want to address an anti-abortion rally and convince the crowd of their viewpoint. They should understand that generally, people A. almost never change attitudes or beliefs no matter what. B. are more easily persuaded on major issues than minor ones. C. change in small increments over a long period of time. D. often reverse their opinion on the spot if the speaker is good enough.
13. Based on criticism of her last speech, the one thing a student speaker wants to do is to be clear. What is one of the guidelines for clarity that will help her accomplish this? A. Avoid abstractions. B. Add extra words for embellishment and emphasis. C. Use specific terms and numbers. D. Feel free to include slang and street language.
14. A speaker who learned English as a second language often accents the wrong syllable and says sounds that should be silent—demonstrating two of the most widespread problems with A. translation. B. articulation. C. diction. D. pronunciation.
15. A mystery writers group wants to hold public book discussions, with members facing the audience and talking informally without prepared speeches. What format would work best? A. Symposium B. Round table C. Panel D. Symposium-forum
16. Which organizational pattern is good to use if you want to correct misconceptions people have about a topic? A. Fiction and fact B. Multiple definition C. Claim and proof D. Pro and con
17. A poet incorporates many words and phrases invoking temperature, texture, and touch in her lecture so the audience can practically feel what she is describing. In this way she creates _______ imagery in her speech. A. tactile B. visual C. auditory D. metaphorical
18. Something that indicates a person feels that something good or bad, right or wrong, is called a(n) A. value. B. attitude. C. behavior. D. belief.
19. Which of the following is a type of speech that requires thorough preparation of the main ideas and their order? A. Extemporaneous speech B. Manuscript speech C. Impromptu speech D. Informative speech
20. Understanding requires that the listener grasp both the information and the A. imagination of the speaker. B. historical significance. C. technical facts. D. emotional tone.
21. An economist signals where he is going in his presentation on the national debt when he says, “Let me define the problem,” and later, “So what is the solution?” He is using A. signpost transitions. B. connective transitions. C. review transitions. D. preview transitions.
22. A celebrity chef is planning her presentation on how to create an elegant French dish. Which organizational pattern works best for speeches like hers? A. Motivated sequence B. Spatial C. Topical D. Temporal
23. For a persuasive speech with a hostile audience, your goal should be to A. create action in favor of your argument. B. change the audience’s opinion. C. incite a vocal debate. D. create incremental change.
24. One environmentalist on the oil spill team shows great competence, strong moral character, clear vision, dynamic energy, and a charismatic personality, so her peers naturally look up to her. She would make a good leader based on the _______ approach. A. traits B. situational C. functional D. transformational
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25. A lecturer is concerned that the people attending her upcoming presentation will have very different opinions from hers. What can she use to persuade a group like this? A. Anecdotal evidence B. Negative social proof C. Selective exposure D. Contradictory signs